WEATHER

One of the first things you probably do every morning is look out the window to see what the weather is like.
 
Looking outside and listening to the day’s forecast helps you decide what clothes you will wear and maybe even what you will do throughout the day. If you don’t have school and the weather looks sunny, you might visit the zoo or go on a picnic. A rainy day might make you think about visiting a museum or staying home to read.
 
Thus, Weather is the day-to-day state of atmosphere and pertains to short term changes in conditions of heat, moisture and air movement. Weather results from processes that attempt to equalize the differences in the distribution of net radiant energy from sun. Areas located closer to the Earth’s equator receive more energy than areas that are closer to the Earth’s poles. In other words, the instantaneous state of atmosphere can be called as weather. It is usually expressed as fine, fair, foggy, cloudy, rainy, sunny or windy weather.
 
It refers to the sum total of the atmos¬pheric conditions in terms of temperature, pressure, wind, moisture, cloudiness, precipitation and visibility of a particular place at any given time. In fact, it denotes short-term variations of atmospheric condi¬tions and it is highly variable. It contrives phenomena in the atmosphere of our planet. Different surfaces such as forests, oceans, streams, mountains, and ice sheets also influence weather conditions. At different times of the year, sunlight falls on the Earth’s surface at different angles. So, at one period of time, one hemisphere receives more direct sunlight than another. This effect is known as the effect of the sun’s angle on climate, causes seasons.
 
Weather is an important factor to determine the success or failure of agriculture. All the agricultural operations from sowing to harvest of crops depend on the mercy of weather. It also plays a major role in the productivity of a crop in any region as the excess or shortage of elements of weather exerts a negative influence on crop growth, development and final yield.
 
There are certain factors that can lead to the variation in the weather such as geographic surface features such as large bodies of water and mountain ranges modify the wind characteristics and hence the meteorological parameters :- 
 
(a) A mountain range in the path of prevailing wind creates moist conditions on the windward side and dry conditions on the leeward side. Air cools adiabatically to the dew point as it rises up the mountains. The air that is forced upward by the mountain range loses its moisture and becomes a dry mass when it goes over the top. This is called the aerographic effect (relief effect), which is different from the usual rainfall without mountains. This is how topography influences weather through variation in temperature and wind.
 
(b) Water is normally warmer than the surrounding land. When wind blows over a large body of water, it picks up moisture, thus creating a more moderate leeward condition. The leeward side of the body of water is subjected to less temperature fluctuations (relatively stable weather) compared to windward side. Windward side is suitable for drought tolerant crops and leeward side to relatively drought sensitive crops. North facing and south facing slopes may have different weather and thus different natural vegetation. Therefore, these sites have different crops grown in the respective areas and so on.
 
Similarly, there are six main components, or parts, of weather. They are temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. Together, these components describe the weather at any given time. These changing components, along with the knowledge of atmospheric processes, help meteorologists—scientists who study weather—forecast what the weather will be in the near future.

MAPS

The earth is spherical. As such, it is represented by three dimensional model called globe.
 
Even though, globe is very useful to maintain the true shape, area, direction, distances and locations, it cannot be made large enough to include all the details of surface features like— continents, oceans, mountains, deserts, roads, railways etc. Therefore, a two dimensional flat surface is constructed to represent the whole part of the earth and its surface features which is called Map.
 
A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface, or a part of it, on a flat surface, according to a scale.  It could be hand drawn or printed. It helps us identify the places and locations within an area helping us to navigate from one place to another. A map is different from an aerial photograph because it includes interpretation.
 
Many maps are called “charts” such as star charts and nautical charts. Before the late 20th century almost all maps were on paper. Now they are more often seen on a computer screen. The word “map” can also be used to talk about a chart or drawing that shows relationships between ideas, people, events, or anything else you can think about.
 
The way we now use maps is changing. The way we think of the city is also changing. The way we think of, interact with and navigate the streets, alleys, boulevards, roads, parks, lanes, hills, cracks and gutters is going through a seismic shift, not because the landscape has changed, but because of little black rectangles in our pockets.
 
Having a map in your pocket at all is relatively recent development. “In the medieval period right the way through to the 19th century, people could live perfectly happily in their locality without ever having knowledge of or care for the wider world,” explains Tom Harper, curator of antiquarian mapping at the British Library. As maps became cheaper to produce they became important public tools, able to take the mess of new urban metropolises and make them comprehensible. Pocket maps were designed to fit in gentlemen’s coat pockets, and this cheaper production signaled a revolution in mapping. As digital technology becomes more readily available the shifts are just as enormous.
 
Maps have three components mainly: distance, direction, and symbol along with few more features. We measure distance in terms of scale. A scale is a ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
 
Normally the essential features of a map include:
• Title— it tells about the area and purpose
• Scale— it is used to measure large areas like continents or countries on a paper, we use a small scale map.
• Map projection—the surface created with the help of some techniques to construct network of parallels and meridian and to show a small area like a village to town, we use a large scale map.
• Key—It tells about various signs used in the maps
• Direction— Directions are cardinal points like North, South, East and West. And symbols are certain letters, shades, colors, pictures and lines, which gives us information about a limited place. Various other things like sketches and plans are used to draw an area of a large scale.
• Conventional symbols—They are used to show various features
Maps are of several types.  They are mainly classified into:
• Physical or Relief Maps: These show natural features of the earth.
• Political Maps: These maps show the cities, town and villages, countries and states of the world with their boundaries.
• Thematic Maps: These maps focus on specific information like the map of a rainfall, roads, and tourist places.
 
Thus, Maps give a broad understanding of location and features of an area. The reader may gain an understanding of the type of landscape, the location of urban places, and the location of major transportation routes all at once with the help of maps.

CHILD ABUSE

Child abuse refers to any kind of emotional, sexual, or physical mistreatment or neglect by an adult who is entitled to the role of responsibility towards someone who is under 18 years of age.
 
It refers to any kind of action or failure to act to those things that results in causing harm to a child. The adult may be a parent or any family member or a caregiver, including sports coaches, teachers, and so on. Child abuse isn’t just about black eye instead it is a serious emotional harm that causes severe impact on the brain and health of the victim child.
 
While physical abuse is shocking due to the marks it leaves, not all signs of child abuse are as obvious. Ignoring children’s needs, putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations, exposing them to sexual situations, or making them feel worthless or stupid are also forms of child abuse and neglect—and they can leave deep, lasting scars on kids. So, depending upon this, child abuse is categorized into four types i.e.
 
Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Abuse and Neglect. Physical Abuse is subject to any use of physical force against child which is not the result of any accident such as hitting, beating, choking, punching, burning etc. Sexual Abuse means making a child involve in some sexual acts by manipulation, undue influence or force. It can also involve spying or watching on a child.
 
A pattern of denying a child love, approval and security, or mistreating a child such as bullying, yelling, isolating, criticizing, terrorizing, ignoring and shaming are all types of emotional abuse and failing to provide a child with the things they need to grow, such as shelter, food, hygiene, supervision, medical attention, education or safety is neglect.
 
Signs of child abuse may include unexplained black eyes, broken bones, bruises, bites, or burns or appearing to be frightened of a specific individual, being watchful as if expecting something unpleasant to happen or flinching when touched or wearing inappropriate clothing, for example, long sleeves in summer or to cover up injuries, appearing withdrawn, anxious, or afraid or showing extremes in behavior.
 
For example, compliance, passivity, or aggressiveness or lack of attachment to parent or caregiver or age-inappropriate behavior, for example, sucking a thumb or having nightmares or wetting the bed or changes in mood or appetite or pregnancy or having a sexually transmitted disease (STD), especially before the age of 14 years or have medical or dental care needs that are not being met or have unwashed clothes, skin, or hair or be using drugs or alcohol or be missing food or money at unusual times, for example, for lunch or bus fare or wear the same clothes all the time or be consistently unsuitably dressed for the time of year.
 
Factors that one should keep in mind while dealing with abused child are: – 
Avoid denial and remain calm – A common reaction to news as unpleasant and shocking as child abuse is denial. However, if you display denial to a child, or show shock or disgust at what they are saying, the child may be afraid to continue and will shut down.
 
As hard as it may be, remain as calm and reassuring as you can. Don’t interrogate – Let the child explain to you in their own words what happened, but don’t interrogate the child or ask leading questions. This may confuse and fluster the child and make it harder for them to continue their story.
 
Reassure the child that they did nothing wrong – It takes a lot for a child to come forward about abuse. Reassure them that you take what they said seriously, and that it is not their fault. Safety comes first – If you feel that your safety or the safety of the child would be threatened if you tried to intervene, leave it to the professionals. You may be able to provide more support later.
 
Counseling – It is necessary to understand that an abused child needs a counseling to overcome the trauma or shock. If it is not done at the right time then the seed of fear or that abuse may grow huge and may result even in committing a suicide or some criminal activity.

INSURGENCY AND INSECURITY

If there is a rebellion against the authority (for example the internationally recognized government of the country) and those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents, the rebellion is an insurgency.
 
And Insecurity is a feeling of uncertainty, a lack of confidence or anxiety about you or the state of being open to danger or threat; lack of protection.
 
Year-in, year-out, decades after decades and centuries upon centuries, there has continued to be recurrent calls for eradication of illiteracy globally. The experience over the years has, however, shown that no target fixed for eradication of illiteracy has ever been met. There have always been renewed calls for eradication of illiteracy at the expiration of countless number of failed decades set as targets for ‘Education for All’ without meeting the target. Parts of the major causes of unrealized and unfulfilled dreams of education for all have been challenges posed by insurgency and insecurity bedeviling the entire world.
 
The outbreak of insurgencies culminating in high level of insecurity has hampered children’s and adults’ access to all forms of education be it formal, non-formal, or adult education. Due to insurgencies, school have been physically touched, destroyed, burnt and broken down. The systems of education in many countries globally have been adversely affected. Communities scattered and destabilized, people displaced and killed.
 
Terrorism is another dimension of prevalence of insecurity and insurgency. Achumba et al. (2013) defined terrorism as the premeditated, threat or use of violence by an individual or group to cause fear, destruction or death, especially against unarmed targets, property or infrastructure in a state, intended to compel those in authority to respond to the demands and expectations of the individual or group behind such violent acts.
 
Muzan (2014) also said terrorism is any act which is intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or noncombatants (in a conflict) with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act. Examples are Boko Haram in Nigeria, Hamas in Palestine, Islamic State in Iraq and the Syria (ISIS), El-Shabab in Somalia etc. All of these insurgencies including other armed groups directly carry attacks on education.
 
The consequences of any act of violence are often despicable and far-reaching. The analysis of the impacts of the insurgency on human security will be based on the broader perspective of human security with particular focus on food and nutrition, health, shelter, education and protection which are the primary needs of every individual.
 
In literature, many reasons have been given for the attacks suffered by education by insurgents. Since their grievances are against the governments and their policies, the insurgents see attacking schools as attacking one of the institutions that form parts of what gives the governments strength and relevance to the peoples they govern. The insurgents also are aware that education is what touches all the citizens, so attacking it makes all citizens to feel impact of their campaigns
 
It is often said that prevention is better than cure. However the cure becomes imperative at the instance of occurrence. Now that insurgency and insecurity have occurred, proactive measures need to be made. The first thing is not rebuilding the damaged school buildings but repairing and rebuilding the damaged security. It is only when adequate security is put in place as earlier pointed out in this article that every other acts of reconstruction of physical facilities can be meaningful.
 
Thus, according to Coursen-Neff, et al. (2010), putting an end to attacks on schools, teachers, and students requires action at national and international levels on three fronts: 
(i) Stronger monitoring systems; 
(ii) Targeted preventive measures, and more decisive and timely response when incidents do occur.
(iii) Effective justice mechanisms that hold violators of domestic and international law accountable.
 
OTHER ACTIONS THAT MUST BE TAKEN BEFORE INSURGENCY AND INSECURITY CAN END.
 
a) Government should create a rehabilitation centre and career opportunities for dismissed Soldiers and Police, so that they will not become terrorists after their dismissal.
 
b) Government should sponsor the education or career of all the Soldiers that discharged voluntarily without reaching pension age and was paid off, Government should also cater for all their basic needs because it is better for Government to spend some of the nation’s money on building the people that served the nation faithfully and discharged voluntarily than wasting the money on things that will not contribute positively to the well being of the nation. We know that military job is a voluntary job and any skill or knowledge that anybody gain from military can still be used to develop the nation outside the military. If Government did not value this kind of people, terrorists can entice them with money and use them for terrorism most especially if they lack money or good living.
 
c) There must be equal right for everybody and individual must be able to afford all the necessary things easily at anytime without difficulty unless if the person is lazy.
 
d) Government should avoid anything that will frustrate the effort of upright people because if there is no frustration there will be no misbehaviour.

WHY MANY HOMES ARE BROKEN?

“Marriages are made in Heaven” We all have heard these lines at some or the other point of our life.
 
I had also heard this. But, with the flow of time and experiences this perspective is getting changed. Every marriage does not culminate in being an ever-lasting, heavenly, beautiful affair. Sometimes the strands of the marital relationship just break off for reasons known and at times, unknown.
 
The family is an intimate domestic group of people related to one another by bonds of blood, sexual mating, or legal ties. It has been a very resilient social unit that has survived and adapted through time. The list is endless and the pain associated with it too.
 
One of the most overlooked reasons why marriages fail is how people define compromise. While compromise is considered to be the cornerstone of any relationship, most people assume that means that some of the time, each partner gets what they want. Actually, the true definition of compromise in the context of marriage is that neither party gets what they really want. Marriage is tough. You have to be constantly ready to give something up, even after it seems like you’ve already given up everything. Without accepting this definition of compromise, people move towards a break-up.
 
Extra-marital affairs are also responsible for the breakdown of most marriages that end in divorce. This is one of the most common causes of divorce. The reasons why people cheat aren’t as cut and dry as our anger may lead us to believe. Infidelity often begins as a seemingly innocent friendship, says Ruth Houston. “It starts as an emotional affair which later becomes a physical affair”. Infidelity is the number one reason for divorce.
 
Marrying for the wrong reasons, like for the money or settling to not be alone, leads to an unstable foundation. At some point, the couple will realize they aren’t compatible or one might start to love themselves more and want to be with someone who fulfills their needs as they start to value themselves.
 
A main issue in marriages is incompatibility in conflict resolution. While some people grow up in families where shouting is the way to solve a conflict, others grow up in households where they ignore the matter. If a couple comes from two different sides of this, it’ll be difficult to resolve conflicts agreeably and create difficulties in communication.
 
Another reason is that couples often do not talk about money, and many people bring undisclosed debt with them into a marriage and hide their spending afterwards. Financial pressures and very different or even opposing financial styles — spending versus saving, risk versus reward — can sabotage a marriage even more effectively than sexual issues or even fundamental differences such as whether to have children or not.
 
Couples often invest all of their time into their careers while neglecting their relationship with their partner. When this happens, resentment begins to build within one or both partners. Most couples don’t have the tools needed to work through these resentments, which often lead to feeling disconnected and detached. This disconnection due to not keeping the relationship a priority quickly leads to marriage failure.
 
For many, an addiction is something that cannot be forgiven, particularly if in the beginning of the relationship the addiction was not known or did not exist. Some addiction deal breakers were drug and alcohol problems, gambling or pornography. In addition to the first two concerns, addictions create trust issues. Many people felt they would not be able to count on their significant other to be consistent in his/her behavior and to put the relationship before anything else.
 
Eventually, this would wear strongly on the foundation of one’s marriage.
The other reason that is responsible for the breakdown of a home is when people enter into a marriage, they have the expectation that their loved one is the person they know best, someone who will always have their back. When things happen to shake that belief, it rocks the foundation of the relationship. Being able to trust, count on and predict one’s spouse is paramount to a healthy, happy relationship.
 
Many people stated that if their spouse hit them, or physically or sexually abused their children, the relationship would be over. While there are many people who opt to stay in physically abusive relationships and some spouses who look the other way if their children are abused by their spouse, many people would not allow themselves or their children to be abused in that way especially by someone who promised to love them. This, again, can be reason for a breakdown of a home.
 
The fact that women spend most of their time either at work or doing household chores can lead to emotional stress in the family. The twentieth century family is mostly nucleus and thus children at times feel isolated and lacking the support of their extended kinds: grandparents, aunts, cousins etc. They become introvert and their stress level rise to such an extent that when ‘explosion’ occurs, it can have dramatic results. This may lead to violence, psychological damage, mental illness, drug intake, crime etc.
 
The breakdown of children may lead to quarrel between parents. In the long run, marriages may fail and consequently lead to breakdown of a home. Incidence that may appear trivial can blow out of proportions and cause drastic consequence within the family.
Yet another reason that we get to see is Family dynamics that play a role in fueling family alienation.
 
When one sibling is the clear parental favorite, it can cause resentment that festers over years. When one sibling crosses the line and the other sibling can’t tolerate the offense, the relationship sunders. And that line can be crossed in a variety of ways, ranging from “especially cruel remarks, being nasty to a sibling’s spouse or children, going off psychiatric medication or bringing unsavory people into a sibling’s home.
 
Thus, establishing consistent consequences for bad behavior or negativity and detachment among family members at home does not indicate a lack of love or care, even though that is often the accusation from the person receiving the consequence but setting clear parameters and making the two people in conflict to sit and solve their matter helps to restore the broken family. Giving priority to a single thought to relationship and the person is important would work. So, do not let your closed ones go away instead win them and be with them.

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

These two terms involve the people and the process that takes over a particular state. Both of these terms refer to the system that is in control of the country or state.
 
The word “politics” represents the diverse world of relationships, activities, behavior, orientation, views and communication links regarding government and governance. The main subject of the politics is the social group with its political organizations, movements, and leaders.
 
The purpose of the politics is to guide public development in a positive direction by identifying common objectives and ways of achieving them. Government is a social science term which refers to this certain group of people that takes over a particular nation. The term “government” refers to the group of people running the country whereas politics would refer to the process of running the country.
 
Politics can also be found in the workplace since there would be executive members of a company. This would come in groups such as the board of directors and board of trustees.
 
The government’s affairs are rarely interfered with by the influence of the common people. Whereas, politics would involve more people apart from the political groups.
 
There has been considerable disagreement among sociologists about the nature of power, politics, and the role of the state and government in society. This is not surprising as any discussion of power and politics is bound to be political itself, that is to say divisive or “politicized.” It is arguably the case that we are better positioned today, after a period of prolonged political rule, to see the nature of power and the state more clearly than during periods of peace.
 
It is during moments when the regular frameworks of political practice and behavior are disrupted—through revolution, suspension of the law, the failure of states, war, or counter-insurgency–that the underlying basis of the relationship between the social and the political, or society and the government can be revealed and rethought.
 
When we hear the term politics, we usually think of the government, politicians and political parties. For a country to have an organized government and work as per specific guidelines, we require a certain organization. This is where politics comes in, as it essentially forms the government.
 
Every country, group and organization use politics to instrument various ways to organize their events, prospects and more.
Politics does not limit to those in power in the government. It is also about the ones who are in the run to achieve the same power. The candidates of the opposition party question the party on power during political debates. They intend to inform people and make them aware of their agenda and what the present government is doing. All this is done with the help of politics only.
 
In fact, the whole political system is corrupt because the ministers in power exercise their authority to get away with all their crimes. They bribe everyone into working for their selfish motives making the whole system corrupt. Before coming into power, the government makes numerous promises to the public. They influence and manipulate them into thinking all their promises will be fulfilled. However, as soon as they gain power, they turn their back on the public. They work for their selfish motives and keep fooling people in every election. Out of all this, only the common suffers at the hands of lying and corrupt politicians.
 
Furthermore, the majority of politicians are corrupt. They abuse their power to advance their personal interests rather than that of the country. We see the news flooded with articles like ministers and their families involving in scams and illegal practices. The power they have makes them feel invincible which is why they get away with any crime.
 
Thus, we need godly educated ministers seriously in the government. They are the ones who can make the country progress as they will handle things better than the evil illiterate and evil educated ones.

HANDWORK

“Handwork” means “any work that is done by hands and not by machines or any other thing”. 
 
The hands are unique and beautiful part of the human being, and they bring us important and far reaching experiences. Thus, hands need to be skillful, sensitive and strong so that they can accomplish many wonderful deeds. We need to learn that how blind person sees the whole world through his hands, how a handshake tells about another person. Unfortunately, most of the people are unaware of the knowledge that can be gained when the hands are used in useful and sensitive ways.
 
The handwork lays a good foundation in nurturing our talents. Being active with our hands, can often help our mind to coordinate, concentrate and self correct. This is because when we make use of our hands to do something, we often tend to silent our mind leading to a natural way of releasing stress and helping ourselves with the emotional processes. Hand work can be an intensively effective relaxation tool by directing our mind tourism meet with the rhythm of our hands.
 
Some kind of work with one’s hands would be beneficial on every course, at every level of education and training, whether or not what is related to the rest of the course. This applies even to universities, perhaps especially to universities where it is absolutely essential, though seldom acknowledged, that students need to balance their predominantly left brain work with some right brain activity.
 
Of course, there are some subjects that do not seem to be suitable for practical activities. However, such subjects can still create some educational experiences that may help students to learn to judge their own progress. For example, students who submit essays are frequently mystified about what is expected of them. We can teach them to judge the value of the essay they produce. For this reshuffle the notebooks of all the students and then ask each of them to allocate marks to the essay in front of them, without consulting anybody. Then ask each student to tell the reason behind the number of marks he allotted to the essay before him. This exercise makes students aware of relative importance of different ideas of which they might have not even thought of, but heard about from other students.
 
Similarly, in subjects like mathematics or accounting, where there are calculations to be practiced, help students to learn to judge for themselves whether they can do the work or not without the help of answers and solutions. With this they can master the skill of solving a question in a quick manner in their mind itself. In fact, when the brain is not able to remember something quickly and for a long period, writing that down helps the brain to learn and remember seventy percent of the content written without even making any special effort to learn it.
 
Handwork, thus, works as a photograph that a brain captures and brain tends to remember photogenic things more than something that is in writing. Today, it has even become clear that the mind develops from creativity and knowledge and the skill develops with the practice. The potential for creativity expands as a child develops his ability to observe, as he learns effective and efficient ways to use tools, as he refines his hands, as he has an opportunity to witness and experience examples of great art in all the various media, and as he gains a greater understanding of the elements of design.
 
Thus, we should make our children well trained in handwork. The time for perfecting movement is in the first six years of life. And so, whatever we do with the children, whether it is working with the sensorial and practical life materials, handling a book, or using a pencil, we always would show a child the most efficient and effective way to use a tool. And we would give him simple things to do until his hands were more skilled at using any particular tool.

EDUCATION

Education is an effort of the senior people to transfer their knowledge to the younger members of society. It is thus an institution, which plays a vital role in integrating an individual with his society and in maintaining the perpetuation of culture. Emile Durkheim defines education as “the influence exercised by the adult generation upon those who are not yet ready for adult life”.
 
Schools exist for education, and that education is best at educates best, rather than that which has the largest number of students or the biggest buildings. Education is not about learning something but it is about becoming something different from what you were before. It is not the knowledge that develops the man but thinking. For a man to be educated he must learn to think. To cram facts into the memory is not education. Though, facts are useful as material for an education but the education is in the man, while the facts are. The ability of a man to learn to think clearly, accurately, easily, rapidly and strongly is said to be the education of the man.
 
In such competitive world, it is a must for all to have good education. The importance of higher education has become essential in getting good job and status in life. Proper education creates lots of ways to go ahead in the future. It makes us strong mentally, socially and intellectually by increasing our knowledge level and technical skills. Education plays a key role in creating patriotic, disciplined and productive manpower.
 
Education is fundamental to human progress. It plays a prominent role all – around development of individual as well as society. A large number of books have already been written on the importance of education. It means the fostering of personality through the unhampered development of innate qualities of human being. It aims at integrated development of personality.
 
Education is the most significant tool in eliminating poverty and unemployment. It enhances the commercial scenario and benefits the country overall. So, the higher the level of education in a country, the better the chances of development are. In addition, this education also benefits an individual in various ways. It helps a person take a better and informed decision with the use of their knowledge. This increases the success rate of a person in life. 
 
Subsequently, education is also responsible for providing with an enhanced lifestyle. It gives you career opportunities that can increase your quality of life. Similarly, education also helps in making a person independent. When one is educated enough, they won’t have to depend on anyone else for their livelihood. They will be self-sufficient to earn for themselves and lead a good life.
 
Above all, education also enhances the self-confidence of a person and makes them certain of things in life. When we talk from the countries viewpoint, even then education plays a significant role. Educated people vote for the better candidate of the country. This ensures the development and growth of a nation.
 
In ancient times, the education was confined to the ‘twice-born’ castes and the upper classes. The organizational structure was inscriptive and hereditary. The lower castes, particularly the scheduled castes, were denied education. But, in modern times, education is exoteric, open and liberal. The world-view is scientific-rational; the theme consists of freedom, equality, humanism and denial of faith in dogma and superstitions. The course contents are rationalistic and in tune with the needs of the present day society. The modern education lays emphasis on the subjects like freedom, nationality, law, human rights, democracy and scientific world view.
 
The other parts of education are the co-curricular and extra-curricular activities, which are often organized for total personality development of a student. Education is definitely important in one`s life. A gift of knowledge can bring us to the top of our dreams. It leads us to the right path and gives us a chance to have a wonderful life. Education makes people capable of doing new interesting things that can go a long way to improving human living conditions and standards.
 
Our whole life is the process of learning and gaining new useful knowledge. We should always remember that getting a good education is imperative in today`s society as it is a foundation of our successful future. Education is really worth investment only if you believe and work hard you can achieve anything.

CAREER

Career is an important aspect of any person’s life. It determines the kind of lifestyle one will lead and his/her position in the society. While everyone dreams of a good lifestyle but not everyone is able to build a strong career that can ensure the same.
 
Career is usually associated with the professional aspect of a person’s life. However, some even relate it to an individual’s life and learning in addition to his work. Be it a boy or a girl, these days career is given a lot of importance in a person’s life. From the beginning itself, we are asked to concentrate on our studies and score well in the exams. The ultimate motif of doing this is to build a strong base and fetch good grades that would help you build a lucrative career.
 
The career path you choose has a major impact on various other aspects of your life. It determines your status in the society, your lifestyle, your social circle and even your relations with your relatives. It is thus important to choose your career wisely.
 
How to Choose your Career?
Choosing a career is a big decision and the irony is that we are not prepared to take such a big decision at the time we require taking it. We are still in our school when we have to choose between the science, commercial and Art stream that mainly influences the career path we take up later. While earlier, it was parents, teachers and elder siblings who largely influenced our career choice, children these days have become more aware with the advancement in the internet.
 
The selection of a career or profession is one of the most important things of life. But it is equally difficult. The lack of guiding services, proper counseling and ever increasing unemployment has further complicated the matter.
 
There is cut-throat competition. Therefore, most of the young men and women in search of suitable jobs are a confused, indecisive and frustrated lot. It has generated a deep sense of frustration and indiscipline among the young people. A good choice may lead to happy, prosperous and satisfying career and life. On the other hand, a wrong selection may result in failure, disappointment and sadness in life. 
 
You must consider a number of factors before deciding on your career. Each factor plays a significant role in your choice. Firstly, always assess yourself thoroughly. You must understand your area of interest to choose a career. For instance, someone who dances well can surely become a doctor, but his interest will always be in dance. Thus, ensure that you have the caliber to perform well in the field you choose. This will come from your area of interest itself.
 
After that, you look for the opportunities available as per your area of interest. Now that you are aware of what you like and dislike, you can easily look for occupations matching your passion. Make a list of the occupations you can get into following your interests. Furthermore, shorten the list you have prepared. You must do so as per what suits you best. Consult with your seniors and parents to make informed decisions.
 
Most importantly, acquire the skills for the career option you are interested in. Ensure you earn the qualifications and degrees for it. Try taking training programs to enhance your skills. This will give you an upper hand in knowing whether you are correct in choosing the specific career plan. Furthermore, create an impressive resume which can help you get the right opportunities.
 
Thus, you must choose your career cautiously as various aspects of your life are attached to it. Take your time, explore all the options, seek advice from those who are experienced and then take a decision. Once you choose a career, work hard so that you are able to get into the field of your choice.

TECHNOLOGY

From the television you watch to the mobile phone you use to connect with your near and dear ones, from the car you drive to the refrigerator you use to store your food, from the air conditioners you use to beat the heat to the laptops you use to accomplish various tasks –  everything is a gift of technology.
 
Technology is basically the application of information to build equipment and devices that can be put to different use. Technology has gradually become a part of our everyday life. The term technology has been derived from Greek words technne and logos. Technne means the skill required to craft something and logos stands for knowledge or discussion about something.
 
Technology thus means the use of knowledge to create something to enhance life. Several big and small things we use in our day to day lives have been an outcome of technological development. Scientists conduct research and experiment with different things to come up with newer ideas. Technologists use these ideas to develop newer devices. People these days have grown extremely accustomed to the use of these technological inventions that they simply cannot do without them.
 
Thus technology, depending upon its various productive inventions in various fields has been broadly divided into various categories such as:-
 
Alternative Technology
This type of technology is known to be environment friendly compared to the other technologies that are more dominant in today’s scenario. Some of the examples of alternative technology include the use of wind turbines to produce electricity, the process of composting, use of solar panels, anaerobic digestion, biodiesel, vegetable oil, wind generators and grey-water recycling.
 
Creative Technology
It includes art, product design and advertising made with the use of software based, electronic or data-driven device. This includes the use of 3D printing, computer graphics, virtual reality and wearable technology among other things.
 
Assistive Technology
This involves making use of different kinds of goods and services to aid people with disabilities. It includes non-mechanical, non-electronic aids, mechanical, electronic and microprocessor-based equipment as well as exclusive instructional materials and services to assist disabled people in learning and functioning. It is also used to make the environment easily accessible for them.
 
Micro Technology
It is basically a technology that makes use of microelectronics. It was in the year 1960 that the scientists learned that by bringing together microscopic transistors on one chip, one could build microelectronic circuits that can enhance performance and functionality with reduced cost.
 
Medical Technology
As the name suggests, this type of technology produces various devices and equipment to diagnose and treat different medical conditions affecting human beings and animals.
 
Information Technology
It involves the utilization of computer systems and telecommunication to study, store, send and retrieve information. Internet is the most common example of information technology.
 
While technology has made life convenient for us, the negative repercussions it has cannot be overlooked. The use of technology for improving one’s way of living is fine. However, addiction with technological devices can be proved to be disastrous. Unfortunately, we have come a way too far when it comes to using the technology.
 
Almost everyone today is glued to the technology these days. One of the examples of this can be the cell phones. Whether you are in a café, office or at home – everyone around just seems busy fiddling with his/her smart phone. Similar is the addiction to air conditioners. During summers, it is almost impossible to sit without air conditioners. Summers used to be hot in some years ago and people lived without this air cooling device but now it has become an addiction.
 
Another example of technological addiction is the use of vehicles, some people have almost forgotten how to walk well due to consistent use of vehicle. Truly, technology makes communication faster and more convenient. However, it can also depersonalize conversations and make bullying a much easier task when you don’t have to divulge your real identity.
 
Many people end up replacing face to face contact with contact via messengers or texting. This can cause isolation and may lead to other mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression. With new technology the industrialization increase has given birth to many pollutions like air, water, soil, and noise. Also, they cause many health-related issues in animals, birds, and human beings.
 
Another negative effect of technology is that new technology requires new resources for which the balance is disturbed. Eventually, this will lead to over-exploitation of natural resources which ultimately disturbs the balance of nature. Another factor is that a single machine can replace many workers. Also, machines can do work at a constant pace for several hours or days without stopping but this is only the reason that many workers lost their job which ultimately increased unemployment. Thus, technology seems addictive due to the convenience and easy sources of comfort and entertainment it offers.
 
However, being one with the nature is no less ecstatic. Try striking a balance between the two and you will see how your life changes for good.