TECHNOLOGY

From the television you watch to the mobile phone you use to connect with your near and dear ones, from the car you drive to the refrigerator you use to store your food, from the air conditioners you use to beat the heat to the laptops you use to accomplish various tasks –  everything is a gift of technology.
 
Technology is basically the application of information to build equipment and devices that can be put to different use. Technology has gradually become a part of our everyday life. The term technology has been derived from Greek words technne and logos. Technne means the skill required to craft something and logos stands for knowledge or discussion about something.
 
Technology thus means the use of knowledge to create something to enhance life. Several big and small things we use in our day-to-day lives have been an outcome of technological development.
Scientists conduct research and experiment with different things to come up with newer ideas. Technologists use these ideas to develop newer devices. People these days have grown extremely accustomed to the use of these technological inventions that they simply cannot do without them.
 
Thus technology, depending upon its various productive inventions in various fields has been broadly divided into various categories such as:-
 
Alternative Technology
This type of technology is known to be environment friendly compared to the other technologies that are more dominant in today’s scenario. Some of the examples of alternative technology include the use of wind turbines to produce electricity, the process of composting, use of solar panels, anaerobic digestion, biodiesel, vegetable oil, wind generators and grey-water recycling.
 
Creative Technology
It includes art, product design and advertising made with the use of software based, electronic or data-driven device. This includes the use of 3D printing, computer graphics, virtual reality and wearable technology among other things.
 
Assistive Technology
This involves making use of different kinds of goods and services to aid people with disabilities. It includes non-mechanical, non-electronic aids, mechanical, electronic and microprocessor-based equipment as well as exclusive instructional materials and services to assist disabled people in learning and functioning. It is also used to make the environment easily accessible for them.
 
Micro Technology
It is basically a technology that makes use of microelectronics. It was in the year 1960 that the scientists learned that by bringing together microscopic transistors on one chip, one could build microelectronic circuits that can enhance performance and functionality with reduced cost.
 
Medical Technology
As the name suggests, this type of technology produces various devices and equipment to diagnose and treat different medical conditions affecting human beings and animals.
 
Information Technology
It involves the utilization of computer systems and telecommunication to study, store, send and retrieve information. Internet is the most common example of information technology.
 
While technology has made life convenient for us, the negative repercussions it has cannot be overlooked. The use of technology for improving one’s way of living is fine. However, addiction with technological devices can prove to be disastrous. Unfortunately, we have come a way too far when it comes to using the technology.
 
Almost everyone today is glued to the technology these days. One of the apt examples of this can be the cell phones. Whether you are in a café, office or at home – everyone around just seems busy fiddling with his/her smart phone. Similar is the addiction to air conditioners. During summers, it is almost impossible to sit without air conditioners. Summers used to be as hot a few years ago too but people did without this air cooling device but now it has become an addiction.
 
Another example of technological addiction is the use of vehicles. We have almost forgotten how it is like to walk. Technology makes communication faster and more convenient. However, it can also depersonalize conversations and make bullying a much easier task when you don’t have to divulge your real identity.
 
Many people end up replacing face-to-face contact with contact via messengers or texting. This can cause isolation and may lead to other mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression. With new technology the industrialization increases which give birth to many pollutions like air, water, soil, and noise. Also, they cause many health-related issues in animals, birds, and human beings.
 
Another negative effect of technology is that new technology requires new resources for which the balance is disturbed. Eventually, this will lead to over-exploitation of natural resources which ultimately disturbs the balance of nature. Another factor is that a single machine can replace many workers. Also, machines can do work at a constant pace for several hours or days without stopping but this is only the reason that many workers lost their job which ultimately increased unemployment. Thus, technology seems addictive due to the convenience and easy sources of comfort and entertainment it offers.
 
However, being one with the nature is no less ecstatic. Try striking a balance between the two and you will see how your life changes for good.

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