Blog

SPORTS

Sports are an essential part of our life. It teaches us how to stay strong and healthy, and tests our physical abilities.
 
Usually, when going in for sports, we compete with other people in order to get some entertainment. In the same time, physical exercises bring a bunch of great benefits for participants. All kinds of sports can bring strong physical health, great team abilities, and strong organizational features. It concerns football, basketball, hockey, and other team sports. The physiological and physical advantages obtained within sports activities result in enriched physical stamina and improved reflexes.
 
Sports can be broadly classified into two categories: Physical sports and mind sports. A brief explanation of each is given below-
 
• Physical sport- Physical sport is a sport which involves physical exertion and relies on the physical stamina of the participants. Physical sports usually require a play area where the participants compete. The physical sports may further be classified into individual sports like boxing, tennis, badminton where the competition is between two individuals and team sports like basket ball, volley ball and cricket, where two teams compete with each other. A participant’s winning or losing in an individual physical sport depends completely on the stamina and dexterity displayed by him. While in the team sports the winning and losing depends on the overall performance of the team, that is if an individual hasn’t performed well, the team may still win. There are thousands of physical sports played today; few examples are archery, climbing, bungee jumping, kayaking and paragliding etc.
 
• Mind Sports- In mind sport the competition is based on a particular type of individual ability or skill rather than physical stamina. In a mind sport the competition is between the agility of mind and requires intense thinking rather than any physical exercise. In mind sports a number of factors like concentration, thinking speed, agility of mind and memory play a vital role in the contestants winning or losing. There is no physical exercise required and such games may be played sitting down across the table in a closed room. Some of the World famous mind sports are chess, poker, speed reading, computer programming and cyber security war games etc.
 
The major benefits that are usually seen by practicing sports are:- 
 
a)  Physical Fitness- Sports and games play a major role in keeping a person fit and fine. Furthermore, it increases the blood flow in the entire body. So, this helps in keeping the heart in the best condition. Moreover, the immunity of the body increases by playing outdoor sports. Also, it helps in keeping your body fat percentage low. This makes the appearance of the body better and makes a person good-looking.
 
b)  Increase mental health- Games like chess, card games increase the mental health of a person and develops spontaneity and the response time of a person. This helps in increasing the IQ of a person, make decisions under pressure and increase its presence of mind.
 
c)  Increase Stamina- Outdoor Sports like Football, cricket, basketball, swimming builds the stamina of a person. As all these sports require a lot of running, the stamina of a person automatically increases. Therefore a person can work for a longer period of time without getting tired.
 
d)  Builds a sense of teamwork- Some sports need individual participation, while some require teamwork. Thus, sport enlists teamwork in a person which is essential in every fieldwork. A company can only run by working together and not individually. So it is important for a person to know how to work together in a team. Only then he can achieve the desired goal.
 
e)  Stress-relieving- Sports can bring a change in one’s day to day routine. It relieves you from stress as your body will subject to experience lot of changes. It gives your mind a boost of enthusiasm and happiness. As a result, it will make you feel energetic all the time.
 
Thus, a sport is that aspect of human life which is of paramount importance. It certainly increases the quality of human life. Sports must be made mandatory in schools. Sports can bring a bunch of benefits for youth, including general health, together with blood circulation and overall physical stamina improvement. Sport develops and improves people’s physical, social, and organizational skills, which are beneficial in personal and professional life and must always be obtained. This is because it is as important as education. Everyone must perform at least one Sport activity on a regular basis.

MORAL VALUES

Moral values, as the name says, implies the significance of the moral qualities in the conduct of the kids, the youth and everyone one in life.
 
Primarily the moral values are the qualities which one gains from life through the journey of life. They also depict the standards of what is right and what is wrong for us which we learn in the schools and in the workplace and from our surroundings as well. The beliefs which we gain from the family and the society that directs us how we lead our lives is what moral values are all about. Moral values develop character of a person.
 
It is very truly said that –
“If Wealth is gone, nothing is gone.
If health is gone, something is gone.
But if character is gone, everything is gone”.
 
Moral values depict our character to the outer world. They are of extreme importance in our lives. In earlier times, people were so determined to follow these values inherited from our ancestors. Such was their determination that once committed they never went backed off from their words. But with modernization and urbanization, we have lost our moral values somewhere.
 
Children disrespecting their parents are a common sight nowadays. But, we should not blame the children for this. Teachers and Parents should endeavor to put in their best efforts into helping students and their children imbibe very solid moral values. Most children are very observant and they copy and learn habits and behaviors of their elder siblings, parents and teachers. They pay a solid attention to the manner of action and behavior of people around them and are tend to behave and act similarly to what they notice. They would be tending to speak only the truth if they notice that the elders around them are always truthful no matter what the situation may be.
 
Likewise, it is important as elders not to be engaged in any form of bad behavior as the children assume that they can also do these things as they are not wrong because the elders around them are doing it. We should try to always demonstrate good and solid moral values most especially because of children. The best way to teach children good and solid moral values is through our own actions and habits.
 
Establishment of good relationships depends upon good moral values. Values like honesty, trust, faithfulness and loyalty are essential in establishment and sustainability of good relationships. It is also important in building the economy. Through determination and hard work, people are able to conduct activities that contribute largely to the economic growth of a society. Also through establishment of good relationships, trade is conducted smoothly and there is teamwork in trade and performance of business transactions.
 
A person without moral values is considered to possess a bad character and the society will start to judge the person due to this behavior. Inhumane and Unethical Activities like dishonesty, telling lies for your own benefit, hurting others and even worst things, should be avoided. Lack of those values even leads to strained relationships and misunderstanding among members of the society.
 
Thus, It is very important for us as human beings to bear good and solid moral values like helping others, honesty , righteousness, decency, and even self-discipline. People that have great moral values are very indispensable asset to others and even the society at large. It is evident that moral values are an important consideration in the development of the society. If each one of us practices some moral values in our lives, there would be peace and harmony all around. Moreover, we will have a bright future for our next generations as well.

FINANCE

Finance is the study of money and how it is used. It is the soul and blood of any business and no firm can survive without finance.
 
It concerns itself with the management of monetary affairs of the firm—how money can be raised on the best terms available and how the procured money can be devoted to the best uses. Hence the nature of finance relates to the process of arrangement and application of funds.
 
Finance is needed to establish a business, to run it to modernize it to expand or diversify it. It is required for buying a variety of assets, which may be tangible like machinery, furniture, factories, buildings, and offices or intangible such as trademarks, patents, technical expertise etc.
 
Also, finance is central to run day to day operations of business like buying materials, paying bills, salaries, collecting cash from customers etc needed at every stage in the life of a business entity. Availability of adequate finance is very crucial for survival and growth of a business.
 
A business organization seek to achieve their objectives by obtaining funds from various sources and then investing them in different types of assets, such as plant, buildings, machin¬ery, vehicles etc. Thus for this, management of the finances through scientific decision – making is necessary.
 
Finance is often split into three areas: personal finance, corporate finance and public finance. At the same time, finance is about the overall “system” – i.e. the financial markets that allow the flow of money, via investments and other financial instruments, between and within these areas; this “flow” is facilitated by the financial services sector.
 
A major focus within finance is thus investment management — called money management for individuals, and asset management for institutions — and finance then includes the associated securities trading, investment banking, financial engineering, and risk management.
 
More abstractly, finance is concerned with the investment and deployment of assets and liabilities over “space and time”: i.e. it is about performing valuation and asset allocation today, based on risk and uncertainty re future outcomes, incorporating the time value of money (determining the present value of these future values, “discounting”, requires a risk-appropriate discount rate).
 
As an academic field, finance theory is studied and developed within the disciplines of management, (financial) economics, accountancy and applied mathematics. Correspondingly, given its wide application, there are several related professional qualifications, that can lead to the field. As the debate to whether finance is an art or a science is still open, there have been recent efforts to organize a list of unsolved problems in finance.
 
The nature of finance is discussed below:
 
1. Cost-Oriented:
Utilization of finance requires payment of fees, rent or any such cost to the provider of finance. Business raises funds and in exchange it has to pay a cost to suppliers of the funds. If the finance is arranged by issuing shares the firm pays dividend in return or capital payment in the form of bonus shares.
 
2. Value Based:
Economic application of finance helps to earn profit which ultimately creates value for the firm. Finance administers economic activities, enhances efficiency of the business operation, and thus ensures creation of surplus. So it deals with the broad spectrum of business activities that are directed to increase the value of the firm. How the fund can be arranged with least cost consideration and how that can be applied with best uses determines the extent of value generated by a firm. Hence finance is value-oriented.
 
3. Interrelated:
It has a deep impact on the organization, society as well as the economy. The financing decision of a firm creates impact on investors, employees, debtors, creditors, government and all the members of an economy. Business activities are not mutually exclusive and so their dependence on each other is measured in terms of finance. Decisions relating to any activity influence others and in this way finance builds an interrelationship among business, society and economy.
 
4. Pervasive:
Finance is all-pervasive. It is necessary for all types of organizations whether profit seeking or non-profit seeking. For profit seeking firm’s value maximization is the main goal while for non-profit seeking firms cost minimization and survival get prime importance. Both these goals are evaluated in financial terms. Firms, whether profit seeking or non-profit seeking, require financial support, because financial viability is the central theme of every firm.
 

CREATIVITY

Creativity is the ability of a person or group to make something new and useful or valuable, or the process of making something new and useful or valuable.
 
It happens in all areas of life – science, art, literature and music. As a personal ability it is very difficult to measure. The reason is that we don’t understand the mental processes that help some people be more creative than others. Judging what is creative is also controversial. Some people say only things which are historically new are creative, while other people say that if it is new for the creator and the people around them, then it is also creativity.
 
Thus, creativity is a constructive process which results in the production of essentially a new product. Creativity is seeing or expressing new relationships. Creativity is not limited to the objects of everyday use, but it is an instrument for increasing knowledge. Creativity is possible in all areas of life like thinking, working, playing or social interaction.
 
Some think creativity is an important thing that makes humans different from apes. Others recognize that even apes, other primates, other mammals and some birds adapt to survive by being creative (for example – primates using tools). Liane Gabora believes that all cultures come from creativity, not imitation.
 
Therefore, these people say, human science should focus on it or pay special attention to it :- 
 
(a) Ethics for example would focus on finding creative solutions to ethical dilemmas. 
 
(b) Politics would focus on the political virtues that need some creativity. Imitation would not be the focus of education. 
 
(c) Linguistics might be more interested in how new words are created by culture, rather than in how existing ones are used in grammar.
 
Creativity begins with a foundation of knowledge, learning a discipline, and mastering a way of thinking. You can learn to be creative by experimenting, exploring, questioning assumptions, using imagination and synthesizing information. 
 
Learning to be creative is akin to learning a sport. It requires practice to develop the right muscles and a supportive environment in which to flourish. Though we cannot alter genetic factors, we can alter behavior through manipulation of the environment in which the individual lives. It is found that the culture, family atmosphere and education play significant roles in the development of creative talent. “Creativity flourishes when creative behavior is encouraged.
 
It is also observed that by proper training creative thinking can be improved. Recognition of the creativeness of the child by the family members and teachers and encouraging the child to develop creative thinking yields good results as found by studies.
 
Studies by Clayton M. Christensen and his researchers uncovered The Innovators DNA: Your ability to generate innovative ideas is not merely a function of the mind, but also a function of five key behaviors that optimize your brain for discovery:
 
• Associating: drawing connections between questions, problems, or ideas from unrelated fields
 
• Questioning: posing queries that challenge common wisdom
 
• Observing: scrutinizing the behavior of customers, suppliers, and competitors to identify new ways of doing things
 
• Networking: meeting people with different ideas and perspectives
 
• Experimenting: constructing interactive experiences and provoking unorthodox responses to see what insights emerge
 
Creativity is not an easy process; it requires efforts and hard work. If the person lacks motivation, he may give up easily without sufficient efforts. And the lack of results can be blamed on lack of creativity. But if a person is truly motivated, and works towards his problems a creative solution can always be attained.
 
We must learn that every person has a creative side or aspect of their personality. It only requires exploration and application. We must not forget that creativity is necessary and in actual it is a hard work because the talent only is not enough. So, tremendous amount of commitment and passion is necessary to be creative.

WEATHER

One of the first things you probably do every morning is look out the window to see what the weather is like.
 
Looking outside and listening to the day’s forecast helps you decide what clothes you will wear and maybe even what you will do throughout the day. If you don’t have school and the weather looks sunny, you might visit the zoo or go on a picnic. A rainy day might make you think about visiting a museum or staying home to read.
 
Thus, Weather is the day-to-day state of atmosphere and pertains to short term changes in conditions of heat, moisture and air movement. Weather results from processes that attempt to equalize the differences in the distribution of net radiant energy from sun. Areas located closer to the Earth’s equator receive more energy than areas that are closer to the Earth’s poles. In other words, the instantaneous state of atmosphere can be called as weather. It is usually expressed as fine, fair, foggy, cloudy, rainy, sunny or windy weather.
 
It refers to the sum total of the atmos¬pheric conditions in terms of temperature, pressure, wind, moisture, cloudiness, precipitation and visibility of a particular place at any given time. In fact, it denotes short-term variations of atmospheric condi¬tions and it is highly variable. It contrives phenomena in the atmosphere of our planet. Different surfaces such as forests, oceans, streams, mountains, and ice sheets also influence weather conditions. At different times of the year, sunlight falls on the Earth’s surface at different angles. So, at one period of time, one hemisphere receives more direct sunlight than another. This effect is known as the effect of the sun’s angle on climate, causes seasons.
 
Weather is an important factor to determine the success or failure of agriculture. All the agricultural operations from sowing to harvest of crops depend on the mercy of weather. It also plays a major role in the productivity of a crop in any region as the excess or shortage of elements of weather exerts a negative influence on crop growth, development and final yield.
 
There are certain factors that can lead to the variation in the weather such as geographic surface features such as large bodies of water and mountain ranges modify the wind characteristics and hence the meteorological parameters :- 
 
(a) A mountain range in the path of prevailing wind creates moist conditions on the windward side and dry conditions on the leeward side. Air cools adiabatically to the dew point as it rises up the mountains. The air that is forced upward by the mountain range loses its moisture and becomes a dry mass when it goes over the top. This is called the aerographic effect (relief effect), which is different from the usual rainfall without mountains. This is how topography influences weather through variation in temperature and wind.
 
(b) Water is normally warmer than the surrounding land. When wind blows over a large body of water, it picks up moisture, thus creating a more moderate leeward condition. The leeward side of the body of water is subjected to less temperature fluctuations (relatively stable weather) compared to windward side. Windward side is suitable for drought tolerant crops and leeward side to relatively drought sensitive crops. North facing and south facing slopes may have different weather and thus different natural vegetation. Therefore, these sites have different crops grown in the respective areas and so on.
 
Similarly, there are six main components, or parts, of weather. They are temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. Together, these components describe the weather at any given time. These changing components, along with the knowledge of atmospheric processes, help meteorologists—scientists who study weather—forecast what the weather will be in the near future.

MAPS

The earth is spherical. As such, it is represented by three dimensional model called globe.
 
Even though, globe is very useful to maintain the true shape, area, direction, distances and locations, it cannot be made large enough to include all the details of surface features like— continents, oceans, mountains, deserts, roads, railways etc. Therefore, a two dimensional flat surface is constructed to represent the whole part of the earth and its surface features which is called Map.
 
A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface, or a part of it, on a flat surface, according to a scale.  It could be hand drawn or printed. It helps us identify the places and locations within an area helping us to navigate from one place to another. A map is different from an aerial photograph because it includes interpretation.
 
Many maps are called “charts” such as star charts and nautical charts. Before the late 20th century almost all maps were on paper. Now they are more often seen on a computer screen. The word “map” can also be used to talk about a chart or drawing that shows relationships between ideas, people, events, or anything else you can think about.
 
The way we now use maps is changing. The way we think of the city is also changing. The way we think of, interact with and navigate the streets, alleys, boulevards, roads, parks, lanes, hills, cracks and gutters is going through a seismic shift, not because the landscape has changed, but because of little black rectangles in our pockets.
 
Having a map in your pocket at all is relatively recent development. “In the medieval period right the way through to the 19th century, people could live perfectly happily in their locality without ever having knowledge of or care for the wider world,” explains Tom Harper, curator of antiquarian mapping at the British Library. As maps became cheaper to produce they became important public tools, able to take the mess of new urban metropolises and make them comprehensible. Pocket maps were designed to fit in gentlemen’s coat pockets, and this cheaper production signaled a revolution in mapping. As digital technology becomes more readily available the shifts are just as enormous.
 
Maps have three components mainly: distance, direction, and symbol along with few more features. We measure distance in terms of scale. A scale is a ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
 
Normally the essential features of a map include:
• Title— it tells about the area and purpose
• Scale— it is used to measure large areas like continents or countries on a paper, we use a small scale map.
• Map projection—the surface created with the help of some techniques to construct network of parallels and meridian and to show a small area like a village to town, we use a large scale map.
• Key—It tells about various signs used in the maps
• Direction— Directions are cardinal points like North, South, East and West. And symbols are certain letters, shades, colors, pictures and lines, which gives us information about a limited place. Various other things like sketches and plans are used to draw an area of a large scale.
• Conventional symbols—They are used to show various features
Maps are of several types.  They are mainly classified into:
• Physical or Relief Maps: These show natural features of the earth.
• Political Maps: These maps show the cities, town and villages, countries and states of the world with their boundaries.
• Thematic Maps: These maps focus on specific information like the map of a rainfall, roads, and tourist places.
 
Thus, Maps give a broad understanding of location and features of an area. The reader may gain an understanding of the type of landscape, the location of urban places, and the location of major transportation routes all at once with the help of maps.

CHILD ABUSE

Child abuse refers to any kind of emotional, sexual, or physical mistreatment or neglect by an adult who is entitled to the role of responsibility towards someone who is under 18 years of age.
 
It refers to any kind of action or failure to act those results in causing harm to a child. The adult may be a parent or any family member or a caregiver, including sports coaches, teachers, and so on. Child abuse isn’t just about black eye instead it is a serious emotional harm that causes severe impact on the brain and health of the victim child.
 
While physical abuse is shocking due to the marks it leaves, not all signs of child abuse are as obvious. Ignoring children’s needs, putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations, exposing them to sexual situations, or making them feel worthless or stupid are also forms of child abuse and neglect—and they can leave deep, lasting scars on kids. So, depending upon this, child abuse is categorized into four types i.e.
 
Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Abuse and Neglect where Physical Abuse is subject to any use of physical force against child which is not the result of any accident such as hitting, beating, choking, punching, burning etc. Sexual Abuse means making a child involve in some sexual acts by manipulation, undue influence or force. It can also involve spying or watching on a child.
 
A pattern of denying a child love, approval and security, or mistreating a child such as bullying, yelling, isolating, criticizing, terrorizing, ignoring and shaming are all types of emotional abuse and failing to provide a child with the things they need to grow, such as shelter, food, hygiene, supervision, medical attention, education or safety is neglect.
 
Signs of child abuse may include unexplained black eyes, broken bones, bruises, bites, or burns or appearing to be frightened of a specific individual, being watchful as if expecting something unpleasant to happen or flinching when touched or wearing inappropriate clothing, for example, long sleeves in summer or to cover up injuries, appearing withdrawn, anxious, or afraid or showing extremes in behavior.
 
For example, compliance, passivity, or aggressiveness or lack of attachment to parent or caregiver or age-inappropriate behavior, for example, sucking a thumb or having nightmares or wetting the bed or changes in mood or appetite or pregnancy or having a sexually transmitted disease (STD), especially before the age of 14 years or have medical or dental care needs that are not being met or have unwashed clothes, skin, or hair or be using drugs or alcohol or be missing food or money at unusual times, for example, for lunch or bus fare home or wear the same clothes all the time or be consistently unsuitably dressed for the time of year.
 
Factors that one should keep in mind while dealing with abused child are: – 
Avoid denial and remain calm – A common reaction to news as unpleasant and shocking as child abuse is denial. However, if you display denial to a child, or show shock or disgust at what they are saying, the child may be afraid to continue and will shut down.
 
As hard as it may be, remain as calm and reassuring as you can. Don’t interrogate – Let the child explain to you in their own words what happened, but don’t interrogate the child or ask leading questions. This may confuse and fluster the child and make it harder for them to continue their story.
 
Reassure the child that they did nothing wrong – It takes a lot for a child to come forward about abuse. Reassure them that you take what they said seriously, and that it is not their fault. Safety comes first – If you feel that your safety or the safety of the child would be threatened if you tried to intervene, leave it to the professionals. You may be able to provide more support later.
 
Counseling – It is necessary to understand that an abused child needs a counseling to overcome the trauma or shock. If it is not done at the right time then the seed of fear or that abuse may grow huge and may result even in committing a suicide or some criminal activity.

INSURGENCY AND INSECURITY

If there is a rebellion against the authority (for example the internationally recognized government of the country) and those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents, the rebellion is an insurgency.
 
And Insecurity is a feeling of uncertainty, a lack of confidence or anxiety about you or the state of being open to danger or threat; lack of protection.
 
Year-in, year-out, decades after decades and centuries upon centuries, there has continued to be recurrent calls for eradication of illiteracy globally. The experience over the years has, however, shown that no target fixed for eradication of illiteracy has ever been met. There have always been renewed calls for eradication of illiteracy at the expiration of countless number of failed decades set as targets for ‘Education for All’ without meeting the target. Parts of the major causes of unrealized and unfulfilled dreams of education for all have been challenges posed by insurgency and insecurity bedeviling the entire world.
 
The outbreak of insurgencies culminating in high level of insecurity has hampered children’s and adults’ access to all forms of education be it formal, non-formal, or adult education. Due to insurgencies, school have been physically touched, destroyed, burnt and broken down. The systems of education in many countries globally have been adversely affected. Communities scattered and destabilized, people displaced and killed.
 
Terrorism is another dimension of prevalence of insecurity and insurgency. Achumba et al. (2013) defined terrorism as the premeditated, threat or use of violence by an individual or group to cause fear, destruction or death, especially against unarmed targets, property or infrastructure in a state, intended to compel those in authority to respond to the demands and expectations of the individual or group behind such violent acts.
 
Muzan (2014) also said terrorism is any act which is intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or noncombatants (in a conflict) with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act. Examples are Boko Haram in Nigeria, Hamas in Palestine, Islamic State in Iraq and the Syria (ISIS), El-Shabab in Somalia etc. All of these insurgencies including other armed groups directly carry attacks on education.
 
The consequences of any act of violence are often despicable and far-reaching. The analysis of the impacts of the insurgency on human security will be based on the broader perspective of human security with particular focus on food and nutrition, health, shelter, education and protection which are the primary needs of every individual.
 
In literature, many reasons have been given for the attacks suffered by education by insurgents. Since their grievances are against the governments and their policies, the insurgents see attacking schools as attacking one of the institutions that form parts of what gives the governments strength and relevance to the peoples they govern. The insurgents also are aware that education is what touches all the citizens, so attacking it makes all citizens to feel impact of their campaigns
 
It is often said that prevention is better than cure. However the cure becomes imperative at the instance of occurrence. Now that insurgency and insecurity have occurred, proactive measures need to be made. The first thing is not rebuilding the damaged school buildings but repairing and rebuilding the damaged security. It is only when adequate security is put in place as earlier pointed out in this article that every other acts of reconstruction of physical facilities can be meaningful.
 
Thus, according to Coursen-Neff, et al. (2010), putting an end to attacks on schools, teachers, and students requires action at national and international levels on three fronts: 
(i) Stronger monitoring systems; 
(ii) Targeted preventive measures, and more decisive and timely response when incidents do occur.
(iii) Effective justice mechanisms that hold violators of domestic and international law accountable.
 
OTHER ACTIONS THAT MUST BE TAKEN BEFORE INSURGENCY AND INSECURITY CAN END.
 
a) Government should create a rehabilitation centre and career opportunities for dismissed Soldiers and Police, so that they will not become terrorists after their dismissal.
 
b) Government should sponsor the education or career of all the Soldiers that discharged voluntarily without reaching pension age and was paid off, Government should also cater for all their basic needs because it is better for Government to spend some of the nation’s money on building the people that served the nation faithfully and discharged voluntarily than wasting the money on things that will not contribute positively to the well being of the nation. We know that military job is a voluntary job and any skill or knowledge that anybody gain from military can still be used to develop the nation outside the military. If Government did not value this kind of people, terrorists can entice them with money and use them for terrorism most especially if they lack money or good living.
 
c) There must be equal right for everybody and individual must be able to afford all the necessary things easily at anytime without difficulty unless if the person is lazy.
 
d) Government should avoid anything that will frustrate the effort of upright people because if there is no frustration there will be no misbehaviour.

WHY MANY HOMES ARE BROKEN?

“Marriages are made in Heaven” We all have heard these lines at some or the other point of our life.
 
I had also heard this. But, with the flow of time and experiences this perspective is getting changed. Every marriage does not culminate in being an ever-lasting, heavenly, beautiful affair. Sometimes the strands of the marital relationship just break off for reasons known and at times, unknown.
 
The family is an intimate domestic group of people related to one another by bonds of blood, sexual mating, or legal ties. It has been a very resilient social unit that has survived and adapted through time. The list is endless and the pain associated with it too.
 
One of the most overlooked reasons why marriages fail is how people define compromise. While compromise is considered to be the cornerstone of any relationship, most people assume that means that some of the time, each partner gets what they want. Actually, the true definition of compromise in the context of marriage is that neither party gets what they really want. Marriage is tough. You have to be constantly ready to give something up, even after it seems like you’ve already given up everything. Without accepting this definition of compromise, people move towards a break-up.
 
Extra-marital affairs are also responsible for the breakdown of most marriages that end in divorce. This is one of the most common causes of divorce. The reasons why people cheat aren’t as cut and dry as our anger may lead us to believe. Infidelity often begins as a seemingly innocent friendship, says Ruth Houston. “It starts as an emotional affair which later becomes a physical affair”. Infidelity is the number one reason for divorce.
 
Marrying for the wrong reasons, like for the money or settling to not be alone, leads to an unstable foundation. At some point, the couple will realize they aren’t compatible or one might start to love themselves more and want to be with someone who fulfills their needs as they start to value themselves.
 
A main issue in marriages is incompatibility in conflict resolution. While some people grow up in families where shouting is the way to solve a conflict, others grow up in households where they ignore the matter. If a couple comes from two different sides of this, it’ll be difficult to resolve conflicts agreeably and create difficulties in communication.
 
Another reason is that couples often do not talk about money, and many people bring undisclosed debt with them into a marriage and hide their spending afterwards. Financial pressures and very different or even opposing financial styles — spending versus saving, risk versus reward — can sabotage a marriage even more effectively than sexual issues or even fundamental differences such as whether to have children or not.
 
Couples often invest all of their time into their careers while neglecting their relationship with their partner. When this happens, resentment begins to build within one or both partners. Most couples don’t have the tools needed to work through these resentments, which often lead to feeling disconnected and detached. This disconnection due to not keeping the relationship a priority quickly leads to marriage failure.
 
For many, an addiction is something that cannot be forgiven, particularly if in the beginning of the relationship the addiction was not known or did not exist. Some addiction deal breakers were drug and alcohol problems, gambling or pornography. In addition to the first two concerns, addictions create trust issues. Many people felt they would not be able to count on their significant other to be consistent in his/her behavior and to put the relationship before anything else.
 
Eventually, this would wear strongly on the foundation of one’s marriage.
The other reason that is responsible for the breakdown of a home is when people enter into a marriage, they have the expectation that their loved one is the person they know best, someone who will always have their back. When things happen to shake that belief, it rocks the foundation of the relationship. Being able to trust, count on and predict one’s spouse is paramount to a healthy, happy relationship.
 
Many people stated that if their spouse hit them, or physically or sexually abused their children, the relationship would be over. While there are many people who opt to stay in physically abusive relationships and some spouses who look the other way if their children are abused by their spouse, many people would not allow themselves or their children to be abused in that way especially by someone who promised to love them. This, again, can be reason for a breakdown of a home.
 
The fact that women spend most of their time either at work or doing household chores can lead to emotional stress in the family. The twentieth century family is mostly nucleus and thus children at times feel isolated and lacking the support of their extended kinds: grandparents, aunts, cousins etc. They become introvert and their stress level rise to such an extent that when ‘explosion’ occurs, it can have dramatic results. This may lead to violence, psychological damage, mental illness, drug intake, crime etc.
 
The breakdown of children may lead to quarrel between parents. In the long run, marriages may fail and consequently lead to breakdown of a home. Incidence that may appear trivial can blow out of proportions and cause drastic consequence within the family.
Yet another reason that we get to see is Family dynamics that play a role in fueling family alienation.
 
When one sibling is the clear parental favorite, it can cause resentment that festers over years. When one sibling crosses the line and the other sibling can’t tolerate the offense, the relationship sunders. And that line can be crossed in a variety of ways, ranging from “especially cruel remarks, being nasty to a sibling’s spouse or children, going off psychiatric medication or bringing unsavory people into a sibling’s home.
 
Thus, establishing consistent consequences for bad behavior or negativity and detachment among family members at home does not indicate a lack of love or care, even though that is often the accusation from the person receiving the consequence but setting clear parameters and making the two people in conflict to sit and solve their matter helps to restore the broken family. Giving priority to a single thought to relationship and the person is important would work. So, do not let your closed ones go away instead win them and be with them.

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

These two terms involve the people and the process that takes over a particular state. Both of these terms refer to the system that is in control of the country or state.
 
The word “politics” represents the diverse world of relationships, activities, behavior, orientation, views and communication links regarding government and governance. The main subject of the politics is the social group with its political organizations, movements, and leaders.
 
The purpose of the politics is to guide public development in a positive direction by identifying common objectives and ways of achieving them. Government is a social science term which refers to this certain group of people that takes over a particular nation. The term “government” refers to the group of people running the country whereas politics would refer to the process of running the country.
 
Politics can also be found in the workplace since there would be executive members of a company. This would come in groups such as the board of directors and board of trustees.
 
The government’s affairs are rarely interfered with by the influence of the common people. Whereas, politics would involve more people apart from the political groups.
 
There has been considerable disagreement among sociologists about the nature of power, politics, and the role of the state and government in society. This is not surprising as any discussion of power and politics is bound to be political itself, that is to say divisive or “politicized.” It is arguably the case that we are better positioned today, after a period of prolonged political rule, to see the nature of power and the state more clearly than during periods of peace.
 
It is during moments when the regular frameworks of political practice and behavior are disrupted—through revolution, suspension of the law, the failure of states, war, or counter-insurgency–that the underlying basis of the relationship between the social and the political, or society and the government can be revealed and rethought.
 
When we hear the term politics, we usually think of the government, politicians and political parties. For a country to have an organized government and work as per specific guidelines, we require a certain organization. This is where politics comes in, as it essentially forms the government.
 
Every country, group and organization use politics to instrument various ways to organize their events, prospects and more.
Politics does not limit to those in power in the government. It is also about the ones who are in the run to achieve the same power. The candidates of the opposition party question the party on power during political debates. They intend to inform people and make them aware of their agenda and what the present government is doing. All this is done with the help of politics only.
 
In fact, the whole political system is corrupt because the ministers in power exercise their authority to get away with all their crimes. They bribe everyone into working for their selfish motives making the whole system corrupt. Before coming into power, the government makes numerous promises to the public. They influence and manipulate them into thinking all their promises will be fulfilled. However, as soon as they gain power, they turn their back on the public. They work for their selfish motives and keep fooling people in every election. Out of all this, only the common suffers at the hands of lying and corrupt politicians.
 
Furthermore, the majority of politicians are corrupt. They abuse their power to advance their personal interests rather than that of the country. We see the news flooded with articles like ministers and their families involving in scams and illegal practices. The power they have makes them feel invincible which is why they get away with any crime.
 
Thus, we need godly educated ministers seriously in the government. They are the ones who can make the country progress as they will handle things better than the evil illiterate and evil educated ones.