Creativity is the ability of a person or group to make something new and useful or valuable, or the process of making something new and useful or valuable.
It happens in all areas of life – science, art, literature and music. As a personal ability it is very difficult to measure. The reason is that we don’t understand the mental processes that help some people be more creative than others. Judging what is creative is also controversial. Some people say only things which are historically new are creative, while other people say that if it is new for the creator and the people around them, then it is also creativity.
Thus, creativity is a constructive process which results in the production of essentially a new product. Creativity is seeing or expressing new relationships. Creativity is not limited to the objects of everyday use, but it is an instrument for increasing knowledge. Creativity is possible in all areas of life like thinking, working, playing or social interaction.
Some think creativity is an important thing that makes humans different from apes. Others recognize that even apes, other primates, other mammals and some birds adapt to survive by being creative (for example – primates using tools). Liane Gabora believes that all cultures come from creativity, not imitation.
Therefore, these people say, human science should focus on it or pay special attention to it :-
(a) Ethics for example would focus on finding creative solutions to ethical dilemmas.
(b) Politics would focus on the political virtues that need some creativity. Imitation would not be the focus of education.
(c) Linguistics might be more interested in how new words are created by culture, rather than in how existing ones are used in grammar.
Creativity begins with a foundation of knowledge, learning a discipline, and mastering a way of thinking. You can learn to be creative by experimenting, exploring, questioning assumptions, using imagination and synthesizing information.
Learning to be creative is akin to learning a sport. It requires practice to develop the right muscles and a supportive environment in which to flourish. Though we cannot alter genetic factors, we can alter behavior through manipulation of the environment in which the individual lives. It is found that the culture, family atmosphere and education play significant roles in the development of creative talent. “Creativity flourishes when creative behavior is encouraged.
It is also observed that by proper training creative thinking can be improved. Recognition of the creativeness of the child by the family members and teachers and encouraging the child to develop creative thinking yields good results as found by studies.
Studies by Clayton M. Christensen and his researchers uncovered The Innovators DNA: Your ability to generate innovative ideas is not merely a function of the mind, but also a function of five key behaviors that optimize your brain for discovery:
• Associating: drawing connections between questions, problems, or ideas from unrelated fields
• Questioning: posing queries that challenge common wisdom
• Observing: scrutinizing the behavior of customers, suppliers, and competitors to identify new ways of doing things
• Networking: meeting people with different ideas and perspectives
• Experimenting: constructing interactive experiences and provoking unorthodox responses to see what insights emerge
Creativity is not an easy process; it requires efforts and hard work. If the person lacks motivation, he may give up easily without sufficient efforts. And the lack of results can be blamed on lack of creativity. But if a person is truly motivated, and works towards his problems a creative solution can always be attained.
We must learn that every person has a creative side or aspect of their personality. It only requires exploration and application. We must not forget that creativity is necessary and in actual it is a hard work because the talent only is not enough. So, tremendous amount of commitment and passion is necessary to be creative.